General Wrestling Information

Dual Meet Procedure

A dual meet is when two teams wrestle each other. Wrestling teams consist of 14 weight classes. For Varsity, the athletes in each weight class wrestle a match with three 2 minute periods (1 minute periods in F/S and JV). When a match concludes, the team of the winning wrestler earns points based on the type of win (see below). The team with the most points after 14 matches wins the dual meet.

Match Score

Takedown – 2 points

A wrestler brings his opponent’s knees down to the mat and has control over his opponent.

Escape – 1 point

When the wrestler is no longer controlled by his opponent and they are facing each other in a neutral position.

Reversal – 2 points

When body contact is constant and the controlled wrestler gains control.

Near Fall

2 points – when an opponent’s back is facing the mat in a less than 90 degree angle for a 2 second count.
3 points – when an opponent’s back is facing the mat in a less than 90 degree angle for a 5 second count.


Pin – Win!

When a wrestler makes both shoulder blades of his opponent touch the mat. Pinning an opponent is an immediate win regardless of the match score.

Team Score

Decision – 3 team points

Wrestler has scored 1 – 7 points more than his opponent.

Major Decision – 4 team points

Wrestler has scored 8 – 14 points more than his opponent.

Technical Fall – 5 team points

Wrestler has scored more than 14 points than his opponent.

Pin – 6 team points

Wrestler makes both shoulder blades of his opponent touch the mat.

Forfeit – 6 team points

Opposing team does not have a qualified wrestler in weight class.


In addition to the injuries possible in any physical activity, there are a few health issues unique to wrestling, including:

Outer Ear Injuries: The cartilage of the outer ear can be injured due to long term, intense impacts and rubbing on the bodies of opponents. Protective headgear may be worn during practice and must be worn in competition. Please note that these injuries occur infrequently in high school wrestlers even though most only wear headgear in competitions. You can buy headgear from the team or at major sporting good stores.

Skin Infections: Certain infections that can be transmitted through skin contact. The most common among wrestlers is ringworm, a fungus related to athlete’s foot and jock itch. Ringworm is not a worm at all, but gets its name from the red, often itchy ring that appears. Ringworm is treated in the same manner as athlete’s foot. Over the counter anti-fungal creams (Lamasil, Lotrimin, Tinactin, etc.) work well when applied a few times a day. The ring should disappear within a few days but continue using the cream for 2 weeks to keep it from coming back. Stubborn infections may need a prescription. Careful hygiene can prevent most infections. This means showering well right after practice, always wearing clean clothes to practice, and mopping the mats with antimicrobial cleaner. For more information visit the following links or speak with your doctor.

WebMD →
Mayo Clinic →

Weight Loss and Nutrition

CLICK HERE  for  a comprehensive overview of the topic of wrestling and weight loss, including:

  • Cutting weight
  • Choosing a weight class
  • Gradual weight loss
  • Balanced diet
  • Hydration

Helpful Links

The California Wrestler →
Flowrestling →